Speech vs. language

By: Rana Gupta, Oct 26, 2012
  Question

What's the difference between speech and language?

The differences between the two.

What is speech?
The term “speech” is used to refer to the physical aspects of communicating a message.

There are 3 major aspects of speech:

Articulation refers to the physical production of the sounds of speech.

Voice is the sound produced by the vibration of the vocal folds. The loudness, quality and pitch influence the overall quality of speech produced.

Fluency or rhythm allows for the smooth flow of sounds, words and phrases while speaking.

What is language?
Language is the organization of sounds or symbols that are used to communicate thoughts or feelings.

Language consists of content, form, and use.

How we say something refers to our form.

What we say refers to the content of our language.

Why we say something refers to our use of language.

Receptive language refers to the skills involved in understanding language. Expressive language refers to the skills of
being precise, complete and clear when expressing thoughts and feelings, answering questions, relating events, and carrying on a conversation.

Rana Gupta is a speech-language pathologist with Aspire Speech Pathology service Halton Peel region and the GTA. Rana specializes in interdisciplinary and professional skills, pre-school & school age articulation, language andliteracy development, adult neurological swallowing disorders and adult neurologicalcommunication disorders. www.aspirespeechpathology.com