Dental Centre In Cambridge, Ontario
Altima Cambridge Dental Centre is located at the corner of King Street and Westminster Drive in Preston. Our dedicated dental team is committed to providing the Cambridge community with professional dental services in a caring environment. There is plenty of parking available in front of the dental centre and in the City Parking Lots behind the dental centre. We have weekend and extended hours to suit your schedule, and can provide appointments for your entire family together for your added convenience. Our spacious reception area also has a TV to entertain the little ones. Conveniently, we have a pediatric dentist onsite and over-care to special needs children and infants.
Drop in anytime to meet our dental team – we would love to see your smile!
Altima Dental is the largest dental group of its kind in Canada. With over 30 dental centres in convenient locations across Ontario and Alberta, our network services more than 200,000 patients yearly. 2008 marked Altima’s 15th year Anniversary.
Specialists at this Altima
- Pediatric Dentist
- Oral Surgeon
Added Services at this Altima
- Nitrous Oxide Sedation (N2O)
Additional Languages Spoken at this Altima
Nitrous oxide (laughing gas)
- Nitrous Oxide (N2O) is a form of inhalation sedation that induces a state of relaxation. Nitrous Oxide sedation allows you to become very relaxed, calm and stress-free throughout your dental visit while remaining conscious.
Intravenous (IV) Sedation
- IV sedation is a form of deep conscious sedation where an anti-anxiety medication is administered directly into the blood stream. IV sedation allows you to become deeply relaxed throughout your dental appointment, while remaining conscious and able to cooperate with instructions.
- Oral sedation is a form of sedation where oral sedatives, such as Valium, are taken the night before and/or 30 minutes prior to a dentist appointment. Oral sedatives help alleviate anxiety while inducing a state of conscious relaxation throughout your dental visit.
- General anesthesia is a method of sedation that uses anesthetics to render a patient unconscious throughout a dental procedure. Unlike other sedation methods, you will be rendered into a deep sleep and completely unaware of your surroundings.
- Sedation dentistry is suitable for all types of dentistry including cosmetic dentistry, root canal therapy, wisdom tooth extraction and extensive restorative dentistry.
- Many types of patients can be helped using sedation dentistry including: children who are afraid or too young to have long dental appointments, patients not wishing to have the sight, sounds and smells of the dental clinic, patients with a heightened gag reflex and patients who have trouble receiving local anesthesia.
- *Please note that this specialized form of sedation dentistry is limited to select Altima Dental Clinics.
- Local Anesthesics work to numb the localized areas in your mouth where your dentist is working. Local anaesthesia is commonly called freezing and greatly reduces your discomfort level during dental procedures such as fillings and repairs.
- Analgesics are drugs that dull the perception of pain. Commonly used analgesics are aspirin and ibuprofen. If you experience more than moderate pain during or after a dental procedure, your dentist may prescribe codeine or administer Demerol. Sometimes, sedatives are used to relieve patient anxiety.
Dental Care for Bad Breath
- Plaque and food particles on the teeth are the most common. Practicing good oral hygiene will usually help. And this doesn’t mean just brushing your teeth. It’s important to brush your tongue, cheeks and roof of your mouth. Decay-causing bacteria from food particles can develop on these areas, triggering bad breath. So, even though your teeth are clean, harmful germs can remain in your mouth. If good oral hygiene is not practiced, this could lead to another common cause of bad breath, gum disease. Your dentist will check for these signs during your visits. Your diet, prescription drugs and systemic diseases and illness such as respiratory problems and diabetes can also be at fault. So don’t be embarrassed, talk to your dentist who can probably help.
Dental Care for Children
Prenatal Dental Care
- The earliest stages of dental development are found when the embryo is approximately 5 to 6 weeks old. Development of the primary teeth begins at this time.
- At birth, there are normally 44 tooth buds present in various stages of development. Enamel formation is well under way on the primary teeth (also known as baby teeth).
- Prior to birth, the mother’s body provides nutrition to the developing child. Good nutrition before pregnancy helps carry the mother and child through the first few weeks of development, which are critical. Hormonal changes can cause pregnancy gingivitis (inflammation of the gums). Maintenance of good oral hygiene and removal of any irritants helps to reduce the inflammation.
- During pregnancy, fever and illness can leave marks on the developing teeth. Antibiotics, particularly tetracycline, taken during pregnancy may cause yellow-brownish stain on the primary enamel. The staining does not usually effect the integrity of the tooth.
- Pregnancy can cause changes in the mucous of the mouth that may be a concern. Good oral hygiene and proper nutrition is essential to keep the mother and child healthy. As a precaution, dental x-rays should be avoided during pregnancy. If a x-ray can not be avoided the mother will be protected with a lead apron with attached thyroid collar.
- Fluoride absorbs into the enamel of the teeth making them more resistant to acid producing bacteria.
- It is available in various flavours and can be applied to the teeth either with a fluoride tray that gently rests in the mouth for 4 minutes or the hygienist can apply fluoride by painting it on the teeth, if the child is less co-operative.
- Fluoride is also present in the drinking water of many cities across North America.
- Ensuring your child uses fluoride toothpaste and receives fluoride treatments will help to develop and maintain healthy teeth and bones.
Nursing Bottle Decay
- Cavities can occur in very young children who routinely fall asleep while nursing on a bottle. The sugar in the nursing bottle (cow’s milk, juice, formula or sugary drinks) turns to acid, dissolving tooth enamel.
- Breast-fed babies are also susceptible if they constantly fall asleep with breast milk on their teeth. Early sings include white spots and tooth discoloration. Damage to primary (baby) teeth can jeopardize the development and proper eruption of the permanent teeth.
- You can protect your child by not letting your baby go to bed with a bottle unless it contains plain water, clean your baby’s mouth regularly and don’t dip pacifiers in honey or other sweet ingredients.
Pit & Fissure Sealants
- The placement of pit and fissure sealants on the first set of permanent molars is an important part of a total hygiene care program for maximum protection against tooth decay.
- The pits of the teeth are the deep grooves on the chewing surface of the tooth and the fissures are channels that extend down the sides of the teeth, facing the cheek or tongue.
- This type of dental treatment is recommended for primary or permanent teeth that contain deep, narrow pits on the chewing surfaces.
- These pits are traps for bacteria, which will lead to decay. It is difficult, and often impossible, to reach these areas with a toothbrush during normal cleansing.
- Pit and fissure sealants are of greatest benefit to children, especially when the first sets of permanent molars erupt into the dentition between the ages of 6 and 13. These are generally considered the cavity prone years.
- The sealant material is made of a type of liquid plastic that bonds directly to the prepared tooth surface. Sealants can be white, clear, or opaque in colour and feel smooth when touched. There are no toxic effects from the use of chemical sealants and the application is painless.
- Properly sealed teeth should retain their sealant material for 6-7 years or longer. During every 6 month continuing care appointment, the dentist or hygienist will re-examine the sealant to ensure that it remains in place to continue the protection. Research has shown that the placement of pit and fissure sealants has dramatically reduced the incidence of dental decay in children during their cavity prone years. They also reduce the need for more complex and costly procedures being required that could compromise the structure and integrity of the tooth.
- Air abrasion is an alternative to drilling. It utilizes a small powerful stream of air and abrasive particles to remove decayed tooth structure while producing minimal noise except for the sound of blowing air.
- This procedure is usually used on children because it is not effective at removing existing fillings with decay underneath.
- Good dental health depends on an adequate supply of nutrients that are properly used by the body. The bacteria in plaque uses simple sugars as their food and reacts within the mouth by producing an enzyme (or acid) that will effect the enamel of teeth.
- The types of foods that cause tooth decay contain refined sugars such as is found in candy, soft drinks, and crackers.
- Refined sugars stay in the mouth often long enough to react to the bacteria in plaque. Natural sugars are found in fruits and vegetables but they usually clear the mouth rapidly before the sugar is converted. Dried fruits, such as raisins, contained a concentrated form of natural sugar that sticks to the teeth. If raisins are ingested with nuts or grains as in cereal, the stickiness is generally washed away from the teeth.
- Children’s chewables, whether they are in the form of vitamins or analgesics, should always be followed by the child rinsing their mouth with clear water. Aspirin and vitamin C both have an acid base and are mixed with sugar to make it more palatable for the child.
- Thumbsucking can have a damaging effect on the growth of the jaw, the facial contour and even speech. It causes improper alignment of the jaw, which can be serious. Often this oral habit will disappear, but if it doesn’t and it extends beyond 4 -years of age, corrective action should be taken.
- It is important to encourage your child to end the habit without causing embarrassment or shame.
- You should ask your dentist to speak to your child while you are not present. Often children will listen to an adult with whom they are less familiar. If the child continues the habit, a habit-correction appliance can be inserted in the child’s mouth as a reminder to keep the thumb out.
- Our dental centres offer extended evening and weekend hours in order to provide our patients with access to immediate and convenient emergency dentistry services with a dentist or dental professional. At our dental clinics, emergency patients are provided with same day dental appointments as high priorities.
- We will do everything possible to help you understand and make the most of your dental insurance benefits. Our centres will complete and submit dental insurance forms to the company to achieve the maximum reimbursement to which you are entitled and will work diligently to make this happen as quickly as possible.
- Please be aware that some dental insurance companies take longer than others do to complete payment. If necessary, our centre will contact the dental insurance company, or we may request your help in this matter.
- Inlays and onlays are a natural looking alternative to silver fillings. Usually made from porcelain, they are formed to fit and fill most types of cavities and are almost impossible to distinguish from the natural tooth.
- They are custom designed, using a precise replica of your tooth. So only the damaged portion of your tooth needs to be removed unlike silver fillings, which require the removal of large amounts of healthy tooth. Inlay and onlay treatment will take a few appointments to complete. With regular brushing and flossing, they will last up to fifteen years.
- Amalgams are commonly known as silver fillings. They do contain some silver; however, they are a mixture (or alloy) of metals that are bound together, or in other words, amalgamated. Traditional amalgam fillings were bound together by using mercury; however, many of the newer amalgam materials do not use mercury.
- Amalgam fillings have been used for many years and are often the preferred treatment for posterior fillings.
- The average biting force in the posterior jaw is approximately 170 lb. of pressure. A dental restoration must be able to withstand such forces. Amalgam fillings do not change easily under stress and are soft, pliable and easily shaped into the prepared cavity. The amalgam then hardens quickly to form a very strong dental restoration able to endure the stress associated with chewing and biting. With specialised dental bonding systems, it is possible to create a bond between the amalgam and the tooth structure. This reduces the possibility of leakage or recurrent decay forming beneath the restoration.
- Metals, as those used in amalgam restorations, are excellent thermal conductors. They rapidly transmit heat and cold through the tooth. Amalgam fillings help to protect the pulp against sudden temperature changes. The retention of this type of dental restoration is excellent and can last many years within the mouth.
Composite Resin Fillings (White)
- Composite restorations have a natural, tooth-like appearance and are used primarily on anterior teeth, although many patients now prefer to have composite fillings placed on posterior teeth.
- A major advantage of this type of restoration is that they match the tooth colour and are aesthetically pleasing.
- Composites are made of a mixture of plastic and acrylic materials such as polymer matrix, quartz and lithium aluminium silicate. Polymerisation is a process in which a resin material changes from a plastic state into a hardened restoration. They are also capable of bonding directly to the tooth structure reducing the possibility of leakage.
- The length of time that it takes to perform a composite resin restoration depends on the size of the restoration. Some restorations will only involve one surface and may not require anaesthetic, so the appointment may only take 10 to 15 minutes. When the procedure involves more surfaces of the tooth, the procedure may take longer. A composite resin restoration will restore the tooth to its original function with an aesthetically pleasing result.
Root Canal Treatment
- Root Canals can provide an effective means of saving a tooth that might otherwise require removal. The presence of the teeth and their root structures helps to maintain the overall structure of the jaw. Root canal treatment may be recommended if the pulp of the tooth becomes dead (non-vital).
- The pulp is the main source of blood supply to the tooth and it receives its nourishment from vessels that pass through the roots of the tooth (root canals). If the pulp becomes non-vital, if there is irreversible inflammation present or if the tooth has suffered trauma through an injury, root canal treatment may be warranted. A tooth that is abscessed will show a localised pus formation at the root end of the tooth. If the abscess is left untreated you may experience severe discomfort and the infection could spread to the surrounding bone.
- Root canal treatment may not be recommended if the tooth has a poor prognosis (can not be saved) or if the inflammation is reversible. A pre-existing health condition may also affect the decision as to whether or not the client should undergo root canal treatment. Your dentist will discuss all available treatment options.
Jaw Joint Disorders
- Temporomandibular joints are the muscles and jaw joints used to open and close your mouth. TMJ disorders can be caused by injury to the face and jaw regions, bite problems, grinding teeth, clenching your jaw, whiplash, and even poor posture resulting in damage to the joints or misalignment. Facial, tooth and ear aches as well as “clicking” in the jaw, headaches, neck shoulder and back pain can occur.
- Systemic disease such as rheumatoid arthritis, which effects the joints of the body, can also affect your jaw joint, causing degeneration.
- Forms or treatment include physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medication, and bite guards. In more serious cases, were severe pain is persistent, surgery may be necessary.
- A properly-fitted mouthguard can cushion a blow to the face, minimizing the risk of broken teeth and injuries to the soft tissues of the mouth.
- Pressure-laminated mouthguards can play a role in preventing concussions. When the upper and lower teeth slam together, the force of the impact is transmitted to the brain which can cause a concussion. An Altima Smartguards mouthguard can provide a resilient, protective surface to distribute and disperse the impact.
- Evidence of properly-fitted, pressure-laminated mouthguards protecting the brain from concussions has been mounting since the 1960’s (Barth et al., 2000, Journal of Athletic Training, 2001). When athletes do not wear mouthguards, they are 1.6 to 1.9 times more likely to experience a dental injury (Sports Medicine, 2007).
- Health Canada, the Canadian Dental Association and the Canadian Academy of Sports Medicine recommend that anyone participating in a sport with a high chance of contact with other players or hard surfaces wear a mouthguard. This includes hockey, football, basketball, baseball, rugby, volleyball and gymnastics (Journal of the American Dental Association, 2006).
- Oral cancer is prevalent and preventable. Three people die from oral cancer everyday in Canada – making the five-year survival rate of oral cancer lower than the survival rates of breast, cervical and prostate cancer. However, the potential for death is significantly reduced if cancer is detected early, making treatment easier, less invasive and more than 90% curable.
- Age and excessive alcohol and tobacco use are leading risk factors for oral cancer; however, 25% of those who suffer from the disease have no risk factors. Recent studies also indicate that infection of the oral cavity with the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) may also be a risk factor.
- Taking preventative measures such as undergoing an oral cancer check is the best way to monitor your oral health. An advanced oral cancer check is simple, painless and only takes a few minutes. After a traditional visual and physical oral examination, your mouth is examined using a safe fluorescent visualization source. This helps your dentist identify any lesions that could potentially be cancerous.
- Just as undergoing a Pap smear is an essential part of a woman’s yearly physical, an oral cancer check offers the same type of early detection and is equally important to your overall health care. Altima Dental Canada recommends Canadians be checked for oral cancer on a yearly basis.
Periodontal (Gum) Disease
- Periodontal disease is caused by plaque that forms on teeth. Plaque will irritate gums, causing them to become red, tender, and swollen. If not removed, plaque hardens to form tartar. Over time, the tissue that attaches the gums to the teeth is destroyed and the gums pull away form the teeth. Small pockets form between the teeth and gums and fill with more plaque. Eventually, the jawbone supporting the teeth is destroyed.
- Periodontal disease is usually painless so most adults are unaware they have it. But if you are diagnosed early, your teeth can be saved.
- Other causes of periodontal disease are smoking, excessive consumption of alcohol, improper use of dental floss andtoothpicks, an unbalanced diet, vitamin C deficiency, pregnancy and certain medications. Warning signs to look out for are gums that bleed when you brush your teeth, red, swollen or receding gums, pus between teeth, loose teeth, bad breath, and a change in your bite or the way your dentures fit.
- The type of treatment required depends on the stage of the disease. In the early stages your dentist will recommend professional cleaning followed by daily brushing and flossing. When gum disease is more serious, your dentist may have to remove the infected gum tissue. Surgery can sometimes involve reshaping the bone around the tooth or removing a portion of the bone. In the most serious cases, you may loose a tooth. Your dentist will advise you on the best way to replace it.
- At the conclusion of your appointment, the dentist will provide you with post-operative care instructions. To maintain the integrity of the treatment that you receive, it is helpful to follow the instructions provided and if you have any concerns, do not hesitate to call the office. If you have had an extraction or any surgical procedure, it is important to remember to avoid foods that are too hot or difficult to eat. Do not drink out of a straw and avoid smoking. The tissues in the mouth tend to heal rapidly so the period of post-operative care will not be too long.
- Aging no longer means that you will suffer from tooth loss. Your teeth are designed to last a lifetime.
- Dental health is an essential component of overall physical wellness. Loss of teeth can result in changes in facial contour and create problems in the digestive tract. A continuing care program is essential to achieving and maintaining your oral health.
- Frequent examinations and preventive care can help the dentist to detect dental disease in its early stages making treatment easier with less discomfort. Early detection can also help the patient to avoid the necessity of having more complex and costly procedures performed.
- Tooth decay can be caused by a number of factors; the most common cause is from dental plaque that has not been removed from teeth. Plaque is a soft, sticky accumulation of bacteria and products of saliva. During a continuing care (preventive) appointment, the dentist, or dental hygienist will examine the teeth and supporting structures. A dental hygienist is a dental care provider who specialises in the cleaning and maintenance of the teeth and gums. The dental hygienist will remove any tartar present. Tartar, also known as calculus, is simply hardened plaque.
- The scaling process involves the crown of the tooth and below the gum line where plaque is often trapped. Following the scaling, the hygienist will polish the teeth. Children under the age of 18 will have fluoride applied to their teeth at the end of the continuing care appointment. Fluoride is one of the best preventive substances for tooth decay and has significantly reduced the amount of dental decay in school age children.
- At the conclusion of a continuing care appointment, the patient will be instructed to follow proper home care and brushing techniques. The dentist will perform a final examination and the patient is escorted to the reception desk. The patient co-ordinator will ensure that your next appointment is made to keep your smile attractive and healthy.
Teeth Grinding (Bruxism)
- Bruxism was usually attributed to stress, but authorities today believe the cause may be an unconscious effort to correct irregularities of the chewing surface of the teeth. About 1 in 20 adults and 3 in 20 children unconsciously grind their teeth at night. This is called malocclusion. If you grind your teeth, you can exert thousands of pounds of pressure per square inch on the surface of teeth, which can cause headaches, affect supporting bone, gums and the jaw joint. To correct this, your dentist may fit you with a plastic night guard to help prevent further damage.
- A crown (sometimes referred to as a cap) is a full coverage restoration that restores the anatomical surfaces of a damaged or fractured tooth to their original contour and function. The anatomical surfaces are the parts of the tooth that you can see above the gum line.
- Typically, this type of restoration is recommended when there is very little tooth structure left to restore. The retention of filling material is poor without adequate surface to which the material will adhere.
- This results in the tooth requiring both constant and frequent repair.
- A crown is permanently cemented onto the prepared tooth structure. This type of restorative procedure is often a dentist’s treatment of choice because of the excellent clinical results achieved in creating a strong, permanent restoration. The aesthetic quality of these restorations enhances the overall appearance of the smile, one of our most important communicative features.
- Every tooth in your mouth provides support, structure and function to the jaw. Absence of even a single tooth can cause the adjacent teeth to drift into the position of the missing tooth. Sometimes only the roots will drift causing pressure on neighbouring teeth and reducing the support of other teeth. This drifting is only evident on a dental x-ray.
- A bridge is a dental prosthesis that is used to replace one or more missing teeth in the same arch. A bridge is permanently cemented into the mouth; therefore, you can not remove it. It provides solid support to the structure of the jaw and prevents adjacent teeth from shifting.
- Although a partial removal denture can also replace a missing tooth, it can compromise the health of the underlying gum tissue and cause bone loss. A permanently cemented fixed bridge will provide support to the jaw and protect the integrity of the gums. You will benefit by enjoying a permanently restored, functional and aesthetically pleasing bridge that replaces the missing tooth or teeth within the dental arch. You will never have to be concerned with ill fitting partial dentures again.
- A dental implant is a restorative procedure that attaches artificial teeth to anchors that are surgically embedded in the bone. Dental implants can replace one or more teeth provide support for a partial denture, increase support and stability for a full lower denture and increase patient comfort and confidence. Implant procedures are complex and may take up to 9 months to complete.
- There is some degree of risk as with any type of surgical procedure and this type of treatment will not be recommended to everyone. A good candidate for implant procedure would be one who has adequate bone structure and does not have a serious medical condition. The financial investment is greater than that for other types of restorative procedures such as bridges.
- During the first stage of treatment the surgical site will be prepared. An implant cylinder is inserted into the receptor site. A sterile surgical screw is placed within the receptor. The screw is often made from titanium because it is very compatible with bone and oral tissues. The soft tissue is closed and the surgical site is allowed to heal for 10-14 days. It may take as long as 3 to 6 months for the bone to heal or integrate with the implant.
- After the tissues and bone have completely healed, the second stage of the procedure consists of removing the soft tissue from the surrounding area and uncovering the sealing screw. An attachment post is screwed into the implant that now extends above the gum line. The soft tissues are again allowed to heal for 10-14 days during which time the dental prosthesis is being made. On the final appointment the dental prosthesis will be attached to the posts resulting in a strong permanent restoration that is aesthetically pleasing as well as functional.
- A patient who is considering dental implant procedure should gather as much information as possible before treatment is commenced. The patient should have a realistic and informed opinion of what the expected results will be.
- Losing all or some of your teeth does not mean losing your self-esteem or confidence. Whether you have lost teeth due to disease or because of an accident, there are many options to enhancing or creating the smile that is right for you.
- If you are missing one or more teeth, it is important to fill those spaces. Every tooth should have an opposing tooth to give you a full and balanced bite. Without a full compliment of teeth, you may be over traumatizing some or all of your remaining teeth. Without an opposing tooth in your bite, the tooth could erupt out of the supporting bone.
- There are many treatment options available to alter or adjust existing dentures until you are ready to have new ones made. During your initial consultation you will be advised on whether you require a complete replacement, minor adjusting or a total transformation altogether to your existing dentures. Your Denturist or dentist will clearly explain and ensure you understand all of your options so you can make an informed decision about your treatment.
- Today's technology allows the Denturist to create a smile that is natural and confident. A denture doesn't have to look like a denture any more. High quality teeth made with layers of different acrylics are as close to your natural teeth as can be. It is nearly impossible to tell them from the real thing allowing you to smile with complete confidence.
- Partially Erupted
- Dental x-rays (radiographs) are valuable diagnostic tools for the dentist The primary reason for taking x-rays is to provide a method of detecting decay that is not visible to the naked eye. When decay is identified early, it is often easier to treat and less uncomfortable for the patient. A dentist will also use x-rays to spot changes in the supporting structures of the jaw, including the hard and soft tissues.
- When a patient first visits an Altima Dental Centre, the dentist may choose to take a full mouth series of x-rays. The Healing Arts Radiation Protection Commission must approve all dental office personnel, who take x-rays. They are useful diagnostic tools that provide the dentist with a method of visualising the decay, or other types of dental pathology, that can not be seen.